NORMIE ROWE & THE PLAYBOYS
Que Sera Sera
(Livingston - Evans)
Australia 1965
#1 Sydney #1 Melbourne #1 Brisbane #1 Adelaide #1 Perth

Single on Sunshine label, double-sided hit with Shakin' All Over.

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This beat arrangement of Que Sera Sera is marked by the sound of a sports whistle being blown at the beginning of each verse. The story that this was an innovation by the record's producer turns out to be unfounded: see below for influential versions by Earl Royce & The Olympics and by The High Keys.
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Melbourne singer Normie Rowe became Australia's top teen idol of the late 60s and the star of Ivan Dayman's Sunshine label. He had a string of hits in Australia from 1965, recorded four singles in London, toured Britain and America, and even inspired a tribute song, Norman-Normie. After he was conscripted to serve in Vietnam he never regained his earlier 'King of Pop' status, but he re-established himself as a respected performer, especially on stage, starring in such productions as Les Miserables and Annie.

Thanks to Bill Casey (Spin Records historian) for pointing out the ultimate source of the Normie Rowe arrangement, and to Terry Stacey for tracking down the influential Earl Royce version.

Further reading: 1. Normie Rowe biography at Milesago. 2. Official site at NormieRowe.com

THE LORDS
Que Sera
(Livingston-Evans)
Germany 1965
#21 Germany

Single on Columbia by popular West German beat band formed in 1959, another version in the style of the High Keys arrangement. The Lords also had a hit with Johnny Kidd's Shakin' All Over, the song on the other side of Normie Rowe's Que Sera Sera.

Further reading: 1. Lords biography at All Music Guide. 2. Wikipedia entry. 3. Lords releases at Swiss Music Charts. 4. Official site at TheLords.de. Version alert from Rod Stone.

EARL ROYCE & THE OLYMPICS
Que Sera Sera
(Livingston - Evans)
UK 1964
Influential version

Single on Columbia label by Liverpool band that appeared in the Gerry & the Pacemakers film Ferry Across the Mersey.

It appears to have been the inspiration for the Normie Rowe arrangement, right down to the distinctive whistle, but even this turns out to be a Merseybeat update of an earlier version, by The High Keys (see below).

Earl Royce & The Olympics - Que Sera Sera.mp3

Thank you to Terry Stacey for his powers of musical detection. Thanks also to Rod Stone.

Further reading: 1. Earl Royce & Olympics page at British Beat Boom. 2. Earl Royce post at Anorak Thing, 2 Aug 2011.

P. J. PROBY
Whatever Will Be, Will Be
(Livingston - Evans)
UK 1964

On 1964 album I Am P. J. Proby, released in the UK but apparently not in the USA.

Texas-born James Marcus Smith, better known as P. J. Proby, was more popular in the UK (where he worked for part of the 60s), and in Australia, than in his home country. This version of Whatever Will Be Will Be (Que Sera Sera) uses the familiar High Keys/Earl Royce/Normie Rowe arrangement, although this time The Whistle is missing.

References: 1. P. J. Proby page at British Beat Boom. 2. P. J. Proby article at Wikipedia (partly unsourced). 3. US and UK discographies at P. J. Proby - Blue Velvet.
Further reading: 1. My blog post Only in Oz (2) P.J. Proby - Mission Bell. 2. Michael Lane Heath, Get Hip to My Conflagration at Perfect Sound Forever.
Thanks
to Terry Stacey for version alert and links.

THE HIGH KEYS
Que Sera Sera
(Livingston - Evans)
USA 1963
Influential version

Single on Atco, produced by Bob Crewe, the producer and songwriter (with Bob Gaudio) behind most of the Four Seasons' hits. The arranger is Charles Calello, the Four Seasons' arranger who had also been in the proto-Seasons group The Four Lovers.

It is clear right from the opening bars that this High Keys recording, complete with whistle, is the forerunner of the Earl Royce and Normie Rowe versions. That familiar post-Doris Day arrangement, here in its pre-Merseybeat form, turns out have a calypso feel in which the whistle makes perfect sense.

The High Keys (also, High Keyes) were led by Troy Keyes who formed the group in 1963 with Jimmy Williams, another solo singer with Atco. Both The High Keys and Troy Keyes achieved later recognition through the Northern Soul movement: The High Keys for Living A Lie (1966) and Keyes for Love Explosions (1967, also released as Love Explosion).

High Keys - Que Sera Sera.mp3

Further reading: Troy Keyes biography at All Music Guide.

DORIS DAY
Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera Sera)
(Jay Livingston - Ray Evans)
USA 1956
Original version
#2 USA #1 UK #1 Sydney #1 Melbourne #27 Brisbane

From the Alfred Hitchcock film The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956). Doris Day stars as the wife of a diplomat whose family is mixed up in an assassination plot while holidaying abroad. The Doris Day character sings Whatever Will Be, Will Be (Que Sera Sera) early in the film, and again at an important point in the film's climax.

Written by profilic film composers Jay Livingston & Ray Evans

Further reading: 1. LivingstonAndEvans.com. 2. NYT obituary for Jay Livingston, 2001. 3. Jay Livingston and Ray Evans listings at IMDb.

 

Later versions:

GENO WASHINGTON AND THE RAM JAM BAND
Que Sera Sera
(Livingston - Evans)
UK 1966
Later version
#43 UK

Geno Washington, a highly regarded American soul singer, was a serviceman who stayed in the UK after his tour of duty there. He joined British R&B/soul big band The Ram Jam Band in 1965. According to John Bush (All Music Guide), Washington had the grit of a deep soul testifier like Wilson Pickett or Don Covay.

Geno Washington And The Ram Jam
Band had four charting singles in the UK from mid-1966 till early 1967: Water (#39), Hi Hi Hazel (#45), Que Sera Sera (#43) and Michael (#39).

See also:
Hi Hi Hi Hazel.

British band Dexy's Midnight Runners
had a hit in 1980 with Geno, their tribute to Geno Washington.

Further reading: GinoWashington.com.
MARY HOPKIN
Que Sera Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be)
(Livingston - Evans)
UK 1970
Later version
#12 Sydney #37 Brisbane #6 Perth

Single on Apple outside Britain: the British single (Apple #16 and #27) was not released. Charted #7 on Billboard's Adult Contemporary chart.

The breakthrough for Welsh singer Mary Hopkin was her appearance on the talent show Opportunity Knocks. Her first single, an international hit, was Those Were The Days, the second single released on The Beatles' Apple label (1968, #1 UK, #1 USA Cashbox and elsewhere). She was something of a protégée of Paul McCartney who produced Those Were The Days and her first album, Postcard.

See also Knock Knock Who's There.

Further reading: 1. MaryHopkin.co.uk (official site; the biography page hands you over to the Wikipedia entry). 2. Mary Hopkins Friendly Society (fan site).

Buy At Sanity.com.au

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